Who Was The Munich Agreement Signed By

From 29 to 30 September 1938, an emergency meeting of the greatest European powers took place in Munich – without Czechoslovakia or the Soviet Union, an ally of France and Czechoslovakia. An agreement was quickly reached on Hitler`s terms. It was signed by the leaders of Germany, France, Britain and Italy. Militarily, the Sudetenland was of strategic importance to Czechoslovakia, as most of its border defenses were there to protect against a German attack. The agreement between the four powers was signed in the context of a low-intensity German-Czechoslovak war, which had begun on September 17, 1938. Meanwhile, Poland moved its army units to its common border with Czechoslovakia after September 23, 1938. [2] Czechoslovakia yielded to diplomatic pressure from France and Britain and agreed on September 30 to cede territories to Germany on Munich terms. Fearing the possible loss of Zaolzie to Germany, Poland issuing Zaolzie with an ultimatum with a majority of ethnic Poles, which Germany had accepted in advance and Czechoslovakia on 1 October. [3] Under the Munich Agreements, the entire predominantly German territory in Czechoslovakia had to be handed over by 10 October.

Poland and Hungary occupied other parts of the country and after a few months, Czechoslovakia ceased to exist and what remained of Slovakia became a German puppet state. One aspect of the enormous turmoil of the past two weeks must affect anyone looking beyond their history. In the three most powerful states of Central and Eastern Europe, people were not allowed to know what was being said and done outside. In Russia, there seems to have been very little news. In Germany and Italy, news was deliberately falsified if it was not suppressed. The German people had no right to know anything about President Roosevelt`s message. The Italian people were led to believe that Chamberlain agreed with Hitler and was only concerned with putting pressure on Benes. They received a bad version of one of his speeches. Before leaving Munich, Chamberlain and Hitler signed a document declaring their common desire to resolve differences through consultations to ensure peace. Daladier and Chamberlain returned home to cheering crowds, relieved that the danger of war was over, and Chamberlain told the British public that he had obtained “peace with honor.” October 1938. The slogan “About us, without us!” (Czech: O nás bez nás!) summarizes the feelings of the Czechoslovak people (now Slovakia and the Czech Republic) towards the agreement.

[Citation required] With the handing over of the Sudetenland to Germany, Czechoslovakia (as the state has now been renamed) lost its defensible border with Germany and its fortifications. .