When EU trade agreements are in force, the content of the UK and THE EU will apply to the rules of origin of EU trade agreements until 31 December 2020. The UK government is also conducting trade negotiations with countries that do not currently have trade agreements with the EU, such as the United States, Australia and New Zealand. The UK officially left the EU on 31 January 2020. Subsequently, the United Kingdom entered a transitional period that ends on 31 December 2021. During this period, the United Kingdom still has to turn away from the internal market and the customs union, a process that is arguably more laborious and complex than the initial withdrawal agreement. The next deadline of 31 December 2020 has the potential to have a much deeper impact on agriculture. Although the UK Government has continued to sign continuity agreements, they still account for a small portion of the UK`s total agricultural exports, but some important partners have yet to be signed. If the UK leaves the customs union and the internal market without a trade deal, the UK will trade with the EU and a number of other important partners with regard to WTO rules which, as we have already studied, will have a number of effects on agriculture. On 23 October, the UK government signed a new trade agreement with Japan, which means that 99% of UK exports will be tariff-free. During the Brexit negotiations between the EU and the UK, there were concerns about the lack of agreement on the terms of withdrawal and the fact that the UK would hastily leave the EU without any deal (the initial scenario of Brexit without a deal). With this result a possibility, the United Kingdom secured a pure trade agreement with Norway and Iceland, which would only be valid after an exit without an EU agreement. Since the UK agreed on conditions in November 2019 and ratified the Brexit withdrawal agreement and left the EU at the end of January 2020, the deal has become obsolete and will therefore not enter into force. Brexit: BRITISH trade “difficult when the Irish border is not resolved” As early as October 2019, before the date of Brexit, the UK government had 15 agreements signed or implemented to continue after leaving the EU, which would have come into force in the event of a non-deal scenario.
However, a withdrawal agreement was finally reached between the two parties and the UK officially left the EU on 31 January 2020. However, the UK has entered a “transitional phase” in which the UK retains a number of EU advantages, such as .B internal market and customs union alignment, as well as access to all existing EU free trade agreements. Since October, the government has concluded a number of additional continuity agreements, with 21 agreements signed to date (for 50 countries) (14 September 2020).