Since the 1920s, there has been a free flow of people between Australia and New Zealand. Historically, migration flows via Tasman were important in both directions, but since the 1960s, more New Zealanders than Australians have chosen to cross The Tasman for a living. In 2013/14, the number of permanent New Zealand settlers arriving in Australia was 27,274. As of December 2015, an estimated 634,560 New Zealand citizens were present in Australia (although many were short-term visitors and would not have been established in Australia). The time spent in New Zealand (between 20 and 65 years of age) depends on the residency conditions for Australian benefits and pensions covered by the agreement. This means that you may be able to obtain: New Zealanders who travel to Australia without obtaining a permanent residence visa, i.e. with a special category visa, have access to certain social security payments covered by the Social Security Agreement between Australia and New Zealand. More information about the agreement can be found below. If a person is included as an unqualified partner in your partner`s NZ Super pension or your partner`s veteran, the amount of the Australian benefit or pension is deducted from their payment, and the rest of the New Zealand Superannuation or Veteran`s pension amount will be split equally between the two of you. Unprotected CVS holders are generally not eligible for deductions. However, persons who have arrived in Australia on New Zealand passports and have lived in Australia for at least ten years without interruption since February 26, 2001 can receive a one-time payment of severance, sickness or youth allowance for up to six months.
The six-month period only begins after notification of waiting times and/or exclusion or exclusion periods. A transfer between payments is not allowed after this exemption from residence. For example, a person receiving an severance pay under this exemption would not be able to switch to sickness pay. Under Australia`s international social security agreement with New Zealand, New Zealand citizens living in Australia can apply for the Australian pension (if they are over 65), the disability pension (PSD) (if they are severely disabled) and the payment of care (if they apply for a partner on DSP), whether they have protected CVS or not. The residency requirements of the old age pension require a total period of time in Australia and/or during working age (working age residency refers to a stay of 20 to 65 years in New Zealand) of more than ten years. For the DSP, the person must have lived in Australia or New Zealand for at least ten years, have been severely disabled while living in Australia or New Zealand and has been in Australia for at least one year. A person must have lived for more than two years in Australia and/or New Zealand for payment of health care workers. There are a number of services that are not publicly funded, and these are different from country to country. Since none of the reciprocal agreements offer full coverage, travellers should purchase comprehensive travel insurance, including health insurance.
In 2014, the Australian government amended the Immigration Act to allow the cancellation of Australian visas on character grounds, including the sentence of more than 12 months in prison. The stricter character requirements are also for non-citizens who have lived most of their lives in Australia. As of July 2018, about 1,300 New Zealanders had been deported from Australia for character reasons.    While Australian officials have defended tougher deportation measures, their New Zealand colleagues have warned that they will undermine the historical “kinship” between the two countries.  For more information, see New Zealand`s Australia Character Test 2014 and subsequent developments.